owl:FunctionalProperty                       

Definition

A functional property is a property that can have only one (unique) value y for each instance x, i.e. there cannot be two distinct values y1 and y2 such that the pairs (x,y1) and (x,y2) are both instances of this property. Both object properties and datatype properties can be declared as "functional". For this purpose, OWL defines the built-in class owl:FunctionalProperty as a special subclass of the RDF class rdf:Property.

Schema

    <rdfs:Class rdf:ID="FunctionalProperty">

        <rdfs:label>FunctionalProperty</rdfs:label>

        <rdfs:subClassOf rdf:resource="&rdf;Property"/>

    </rdfs:Class>

Example listing

Triple

 

RDF/XML

The following axiom states that the husband property is functional, i.e., a woman can have at most one husband (a good example of culture dependence of ontologies):

    <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="husband">

        <rdf:type rdf:resource="&owl;FunctionalProperty" />

        <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Woman" />

        <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Man" />

    </owl:ObjectProperty>

As always, there are syntactic variations. The example above is semantically equivalent to the one below:

    <owl:ObjectProperty rdf:ID="husband">

        <rdfs:domain rdf:resource="#Woman" />

        <rdfs:range rdf:resource="#Man" />

    </owl:ObjectProperty>

<owl:FunctionalProperty rdf:about="#husband" />

Other information

 

Use in ISO 15926